Artichoke Growing Guide

All you need to know to grow successfully!

Plant Family:
Asteraceae
Plant Type:
Perennial

Square Foot Spacing:

1
Typical Season:
Cool
Typical Zones Grown In:
7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Growing Difficulty:
Moderate

Artichoke is a perennial thistle-like plant that belongs to the Asteraceae family. The edible part of the plant is the flower bud, which is harvested before it blooms. Artichokes are commonly grown in Mediterranean climates, and they are a popular ingredient in many Mediterranean dishes. They are low in calories and high in fibre, antioxidants, and other important nutrients like potassium, magnesium, and vitamin C. Artichokes can be cooked in a variety of ways, including steaming, boiling, grilling, or roasting, and they are often used in dips, salads, pasta dishes, and more. The artichoke plant can grow up to 6 feet tall, and it requires well-drained soil, full sun exposure, and plenty of water to thrive.

How to Grow Artichoke Organically

  1. Choose the right time: Artichokes are a perennial vegetable that can be grown from seeds or transplants. Plant the seeds indoors 8 to 12 weeks before the last frost date, or plant the transplants in the spring.
  2. Select a location: Artichokes prefer full sun and well-draining soil. They can be grown in containers or in garden beds.
  3. Prepare the soil: Artichokes prefer a soil pH of 6.0 to 7.0. Loosen the soil to a depth of 8 to 12 inches and remove any rocks or debris. Add compost or aged manure to the soil to improve soil fertility and drainage.
  4. Plant the seeds or transplants: If planting seeds, sow them 1/4 inch deep and 3 to 4 inches apart. Thin the seedlings to 18 to 24 inches apart. If planting transplants, dig a hole that is twice as wide and deep as the root ball. Place the transplant in the hole and backfill with soil. Water well.
  5. Care for the plants: Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. Mulch the bed to keep the soil cool and moist. Fertilize the plants with a balanced fertilizer, such as 10-10-10, once a month during the growing season.
  6. Harvest the buds: Artichokes are ready to harvest when the buds are tight and about the size of a golf ball. Cut the buds off the plant with a sharp knife or pruners, leaving about an inch of stem attached.
  7. Control pests and diseases: Artichokes can be affected by aphids, snails, and powdery mildew. Use organic methods like insecticidal soap or neem oil to control pests, and remove any diseased foliage to prevent the spread of disease.

Following these steps will help you grow artichokes and enjoy their delicious and nutritious buds. Artichokes are a good source of fiber, vitamins, and minerals and can be eaten boiled, steamed, grilled, or stuffed.

Planting Guidelines

The following are general guides to follow. However, nothing is set in stone. Feel free to experiment!

How to Start:
Indoor, Outdoor
When to Direct Sow:
May, June
When to Start Indoors:
February
Sprouting Time:
7-14 days

Ideal Temperature (C):

10-20°C
Depth:
1-2 in
Spacing (cm):
25-30
Row Spacing (cm):
16-24 in
Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Maturity Time:
90-180 days
When To Harvest:
June, July, August, September, October
How to Harvest:
Cut buds when they reach desired size

Health Benefits

Growing your own food is one of the best things you can do for your health. Let’s check out some of the health benefits!

Is It Edible?
Yes
Edible Parts:
Flower Buds
Potential Health Benefits:
Rich in vitamins, minerals and antioxidants

Tips to Growing Organically

Growing without the use of pesticides and herbicides is easier than you may think and it’s better for the environment!

Companion Plants:
Parsley, Garlic, Onion
What Plants to Avoid:
Common Pests:
Aphids, Slugs
Common Disease:
Alternaria Leaf Blight, Damping-off, Botrytis Blight
Bonus Grow Tips:
Plant in full sun, water deeply

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