Bean Growing Guide

All you need to know to grow successfully!

Plant Family:
Plant Type:

Square Foot Spacing:

Typical Season:
Warm season
Typical Zones Grown In:
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11
Growing Difficulty:

Beans are a type of legume that are commonly consumed around the world. They are a good source of plant-based protein, fibre, vitamins, and minerals. There are many different types of beans, including kidney beans, black beans, navy beans, and chickpeas, each with their own unique flavour and nutritional profile. Beans can be prepared in a variety of ways, such as boiling, baking, or frying, and are often used in soups, stews, salads, and other dishes. Eating beans as part of a balanced diet may help improve overall health and reduce the risk of chronic diseases, such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer.

Basic Bean Growing Instructions

  1. Choose a planting location: Beans need full sun (at least 6-8 hours per day) and well-draining soil. Choose a spot in your garden that gets plenty of sunlight and has soil that drains well.
  2. Prepare the soil: Before planting, loosen the soil to a depth of 6-8 inches and mix in compost or other organic matter to improve soil quality and fertility.
  3. Plant the seeds: Sow the bean seeds directly in the soil after the last frost date. Plant the seeds about 1-2 inches deep and space them 2-4 inches apart. You can also plant them in rows, leaving 18-24 inches between rows.
  4. Water regularly: Keep the soil moist but not waterlogged. Water deeply once or twice a week, depending on weather conditions.
  5. Provide support: Many types of beans are climbers and will need support to grow tall. You can use trellises, stakes, or other support structures to keep the plants upright.
  6. Fertilize: Beans are light feeders and do not require a lot of fertilizer. If needed, you can apply a balanced fertilizer once or twice during the growing season.
  7. Harvest: Most beans will be ready to harvest about 60-70 days after planting. Pick the pods when they are still young and tender, before the seeds inside have fully matured. Beans can be harvested by hand or with scissors. Continuously harvesting the pods will encourage more growth and keep the plant producing throughout the season.

By following these basic steps, you should be able to grow healthy and productive bean plants in your garden.

Planting Guidelines

The following are general guides to follow. However, nothing is set in stone. Feel free to experiment!

How to Start:
Direct Sow
When to Direct Sow:
When to Start Indoors:
Sprouting Time:
8-16 days

Ideal Temperature (C):

2.5 to 5 cm
Spacing (cm):
Row Spacing (cm):
Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Maturity Time:
52-60 days
When To Harvest:
June, July, August, September
How to Harvest:
Havest pods before beans swell inside, when pods are still tender

Health Benefits

Growing your own food is one of the best things you can do for your health. Let’s check out some of the health benefits!

Is It Edible?
Edible Parts:
Pods and seeds
Potential Health Benefits:
Protein, Weight Loss, Heart Health, Fights Diabetes

Tips to Growing Organically

Growing without the use of pesticides and herbicides is easier than you may think and it’s better for the environment!

Companion Plants:
Beet, Cauliflower, Broccoli, Kale, Collards, Brussels Sprouts, Carrot, Celery, Swiss Chard, Corn, Cucumber, Eggplant, Pea, Potato, Radish, Strawberry
What Plants to Avoid:
Chive, Garlic, Leek, Onion
Common Pests:
Aphids & Spider Mites
Common Disease:
Bonus Grow Tips:
Allow beans to dry inside the pods and shell, dry and store for later use

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