Brussel Sprouts Growing Guide

All you need to know to grow successfully!

Plant Family:
Plant Type:

Square Foot Spacing:

Typical Season:
Cool season
Typical Zones Grown In:
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Growing Difficulty:

Brussels sprouts are a cruciferous vegetable that belong to the same family as broccoli, cabbage, and kale. They are named after the city of Brussels in Belgium, where they are believed to have originated. Brussels sprouts grow on a long stem and resemble miniature cabbages. They have a mild, slightly bitter flavor and are often roasted, sautéed, or steamed. Brussels sprouts are high in vitamins C and K, fiber, and other nutrients. They are a cool-season crop that prefers well-drained soil and plenty of sunlight. When harvesting Brussels sprouts, it’s best to pick them when they are firm and about 1-2 inches in diameter. Brussels sprouts are easy to grow and a popular choice for home gardeners who want to add a nutritious vegetable to their diet.

How to Grow Brussels Sprouts Organically

Here is a brief guide on how to grow Brussels sprouts organically:

  1. Timing: Brussels sprouts are a cool-season crop and are best grown in the spring or fall. Plant them in the spring 2-3 weeks before the last frost or in the fall 10-12 weeks before the first frost.
  2. Soil preparation: Brussels sprouts prefer well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter, so amend the soil with compost or well-rotted manure before planting. The soil pH should be between 6.0 and 7.5.
  3. Planting: Brussels sprouts should be planted 18-24 inches apart in rows that are spaced 30-36 inches apart. Plant the seedlings slightly deeper than they were growing in their containers.
  4. Watering: Brussels sprouts need consistent moisture to grow properly, so water deeply and regularly. Avoid getting water on the leaves to prevent fungal diseases.
  5. Fertilizer: Use an organic fertilizer that is high in nitrogen to promote leafy growth. Apply the fertilizer when the seedlings are 4-6 inches tall and again when the sprouts are forming.
  6. Support: Brussels sprouts can grow up to 2-3 feet tall and may need support to prevent them from falling over. Use stakes or cages to support the plants.
  7. Pest control: Brussels sprouts are susceptible to pests such as aphids, cabbage worms, and flea beetles. Use organic methods to control these pests, such as row covers, handpicking, and neem oil.
  8. Harvest: Brussels sprouts are ready to harvest when the sprouts are firm and green and have reached 1-2 inches in diameter. Harvest from the bottom of the plant up, leaving the upper sprouts to continue growing.

By following these steps, you can successfully grow Brussels sprouts organically and enjoy a bountiful harvest of these nutritious and delicious vegetables.



Planting Guidelines

The following are general guides to follow. However, nothing is set in stone. Feel free to experiment!

How to Start:
Start Indoor
When to Direct Sow:
When to Start Indoors:
Sprouting Time:
7-10 days

Ideal Temperature (C):

5mm deep
Spacing (cm):
Row Spacing (cm):
Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Maturity Time:
115 days
When To Harvest:
August, September
How to Harvest:
Harvest after frost once sprouts have formed, starting at the bottom

Health Benefits

Growing your own food is one of the best things you can do for your health. Let’s check out some of the health benefits!

Is It Edible?
Edible Parts:
Potential Health Benefits:
Nutrient-Dense, Antioxidant, Cancer-Fighting , Digestive System

Tips to Growing Organically

Growing without the use of pesticides and herbicides is easier than you may think and it’s better for the environment!

Companion Plants:
Chamomile, Dill, Mint, Rosemary, Sage
What Plants to Avoid:
Eggplant, Pepper, Potato, Tomato
Common Pests:
Slugs, flea beetle, cabbage worms
Common Disease:
Clubroot. Prevent disease with a strict 4-year crop rotation, avoiding planting Brassicas in the same spot more than once every four years.
Bonus Grow Tips:
In spring harvest flowering stalk, steam or eat raw

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