Eggplant Growing Guide

All you need to know to grow successfully!

Plant Family:
Solanaceae
Plant Type:
Perennial Grown as Annual
Typical Season:
Warm season
Typical Zones Grown In:
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Growing Difficulty:
Medium

Planting Guidelines

The following are general guides to follow. However, nothing is set in stone. Feel free to experiment!

How to Start:
Start Indoor
When to Direct Sow:
When to Start Indoors:
April
Sprouting Time:
7-12
Soil Temperature (C):
24-32
Depth:
5mm-1cm (¼-½”)
Spacing (cm):
45-60cm (18-24″)
Row Spacing (cm):
45-60cm (18-24″)
Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Maturity Time:
60
When To Harvest:
July, August
How to Harvest:
Pinch off blossoms 2 to 4 weeks before first expected frost so that plants channel energy into ripening existing fruit, not producing new ones. Harvest the fruit anytime after the fruit reaches half of their size. Harvesting early prevents fruit from becoming too seedy, and will encourage more production from the plants. Do not pull the fruit off the plant, but cut it with scissors or secateurs, being careful to avoid any sharp spurs at the stem end.

Health Benefits

Growing your own food is one of the best things you can do for your health. Let’s check out some of the health benefits!

Is It Edible?
Yes
Edible Parts:
Fruit with seeds, stem tips, young leaves
Potential Health Benefits:
Nutrient Dense,Antioxidant,Heart Health,Blood Sugar Control,Weight Loss,Cancer Fighting

Tips to Growing Organically

Growing without the use of pesticides and herbicides is easier than you may think and it’s better for the environment!

Companion Plants:
Bean, Marigold, Pea, Pepper, Spinach, Thyme
What Plants to Avoid:
Fennel
Common Pests:
Aphids – A hard spray of water can be used to remove aphids from plants. Wash off with water occasionally as needed early in the day. Check for evidence of natural enemies such as gray-brown or bloated parasitized aphids and the presence of larvae of lady beetles and lacewings. Flea beetles – Control weeds. Use row covers to help protect plants from early damage. Put in place at planting and remove before temperatures get too hot or plants start to flower. Colorado potato beetles – Handpick beetles, larvae and eggs. Cutworms – Use cardboard collars around transplants it cutworms are a problem.
Common Disease:
Verticillium wilt – This is the most serious disease of eggplant. Remove and destroy an entire infested plant, along with immediately surrounding soil and soil clinging to roots. Set into soil where you have never planted tomatoes, peppers, or strawberries Tobacco Mosaic Virus – Young growth is malformed and leaves are mottled with yellow. To prevent it, wash hands after handling tobacco before touching plants. Control aphids, which spread the disease.
Bonus Grow Tips:
Soil should have abundant phosphorus and calcium, so add lime and compost to the soil three weeks prior to planting. Mix ¼-½ cup of complete organic fertilizer into the soil beneath each transplant. Using a clear plastic cloche or floating row cover helps growth by increasing heat. Cool temperatures increase leafy growth, but prevent fruit set.

Still Have Questions? Chat With a Pro!

The Limitless Growth Marketplate connects you with local organic growers who can help via zoom or in person!