Lettuce Growing Guide

All you need to know to grow successfully!

Plant Family:
Plant Type:
Growing Difficulty:
Typical Zones Grown In:
4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12

Planting Depth:

5mm (¼”)
Maturity Time:
67 days
Companion Plants:
Kale, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Collards, Turnip, Beet, Cucumber, Onion, Carrot, Celery, Chervil, Dill, Garlic, Radish, Spinach, Strawberry

Planting Guidelines

The following are general guides to follow. However, nothing is set in stone. Feel free to experiment!

How to Start:
Direct Sow or Start Indoors if you want an extra challenge
When to Direct Sow:
April, August
Sprouting Time:
7-15 days
Spacing (cm):
30cm (12″)
Row Spacing (cm):

Square Foot Spacing:

4 Plants
Sun Exposure:
Part Shade, Full Sun
Typical Season:
Cool season
When To Harvest:
January, March, February, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November, December
How to Harvest:
Pick individual leaves or wait and harvest full heads. Summer lettuce stays in prime eating condition only a short time, so harvest promptly and keep planting. In fall and winter the plants stay in good eating condition longer.

Tips to Growing Organically

Growing without the use of pesticides and herbicides is easier than you may think and it’s better for the environment!

Companion Plants:
Kale, Broccoli, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Collards, Turnip, Beet, Cucumber, Onion, Carrot, Celery, Chervil, Dill, Garlic, Radish, Spinach, Strawberry
Common Pests:
Common Disease:
Tip burn (tips of leaves turning brown) is caused by a calcium deficiency
Bonus Grow Tips:
Lettuce will bolt/flower fast if it spends more than a couple of days in heat. After that the taste goes downhill, but seed saving is a possibility. Check out more in the seed saving section.

Lettuce is a leafy green vegetable that is widely cultivated for its crisp leaves and mild flavour. It belongs to the daisy family and is native to the Mediterranean region. There are many different types of lettuce, including crisphead, butterhead, romaine, and looseleaf. Lettuce is a popular ingredient in salads, sandwiches, and wraps, and is often used as a garnish. It is low in calories and high in vitamins and minerals, making it a healthy addition to any diet. Lettuce is easy to grow and is often used as a starter crop for beginner gardeners. It is a cool-season crop and can be grown in both indoor and outdoor environments.



How to Grow Lettuce Organically

Growing lettuce organically involves several steps, including:

  1. Choose a suitable location: Pick a spot with partial shade, well-drained soil, and access to water.
  2. Prepare the soil: Add organic compost or well-rotted manure to the soil to provide nutrients and improve soil structure.
  3. Use organic seeds and fertilizers: Avoid synthetic chemicals by using organic seeds and fertilizers.
  4. Water appropriately: Use drip irrigation or soaker hoses to conserve water and avoid waste. Mulching with organic materials like straw or leaves can also help to retain moisture in the soil.
  5. Control pests and diseases: Use natural methods like crop rotation, companion planting, and beneficial insects to control pests and diseases.
  6. Harvest lettuce: Pick young and tender leaves after 40-50 days, either by cutting the outer leaves or harvesting the whole plant.

By following these steps, you can grow healthy and sustainable lettuce organically.

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