Wheat Growing Guide

All you need to know to grow successfully!

Plant Family:
Plant Type:

Square Foot Spacing:

Typical Season:
Typical Zones Grown In:
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10
Growing Difficulty:

Wheat is a type of grass that is widely cultivated for its edible grains, which are commonly ground into flour and used to make a variety of food products such as bread, pasta, and cereal. It is one of the most important staple crops in the world and has been grown for thousands of years. Wheat is a highly adaptable crop that can be grown in a wide range of environments and is used in many different cuisines around the world. It is also an important source of nutrition, providing protein, fibre, and essential vitamins and minerals.

How to Grow Wheat Organically

  1. Choose a planting site: Wheat grows best in fertile, well-draining soil with a pH between 6.0 and 7.5. It needs a lot of sun, so choose a site that receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight per day.
  2. Prepare the soil: Wheat prefers soil that is rich in organic matter. Amend the soil with compost or well-rotted manure to improve fertility and drainage.
  3. Plant the seeds: Wheat is typically sown in the fall or early spring. Sow the seeds about 1 inch deep and 2-3 inches apart. Rows should be spaced about 6-8 inches apart. Cover the seeds with soil and water gently.
  4. Water the plants: Wheat needs consistent moisture to grow well. Water the plants regularly, especially during dry periods.
  5. Fertilize the plants: Wheat can benefit from the application of nitrogen-rich fertilizer, such as ammonium sulfate or urea. Apply the fertilizer according to package instructions.
  6. Monitor the plants for pests and diseases: Wheat can be affected by pests such as aphids and diseases such as powdery mildew. Monitor your plants regularly and take action if you notice any signs of damage or disease.
  7. Harvest the wheat: Wheat is typically harvested in the summer when the grains are fully mature. Cut the wheat stalks down and thresh the grain to separate it from the chaff.

By following these basic steps, you can grow your own wheat crop. Wheat is a versatile crop that can be used for a variety of purposes, from making bread to feeding livestock.

Planting Guidelines

The following are general guides to follow. However, nothing is set in stone. Feel free to experiment!

How to Start:
When to Direct Sow:
May, June, July
When to Start Indoors:
Sprouting Time:
7-10 days

Ideal Temperature (C):

1-2 inches
Spacing (cm):
Row Spacing (cm):
24-36 inches
Sun Exposure:
Full Sun
Maturity Time:
90-120 days
When To Harvest:
May, June, July, August, September, October
How to Harvest:
Cut stems when flowers bloom and collect seeds

Health Benefits

Growing your own food is one of the best things you can do for your health. Let’s check out some of the health benefits!

Is It Edible?
Edible Parts:
Potential Health Benefits:
Vitamins A & C, Iron, Magnesium, Protein

Tips to Growing Organically

Growing without the use of pesticides and herbicides is easier than you may think and it’s better for the environment!

Companion Plants:
What Plants to Avoid:
Common Pests:
Aphids, Slugs
Common Disease:
Powdery Mildew, Septoria Leaf Spot, Leaf Rust
Bonus Grow Tips:
Plant in well-drained soil, water deeply

FREE 30 Days of Backyard Organic Gardening Coaching!


Sign up to receive one email per day covering companion planting, square foot gardening, crop rotations, and more organic growing techniques!

You Have Successfully Signed Up! Happy Growing!