Peas are a type of legume that are enjoyed both fresh and cooked. They come in a variety of types, including snow peas, snap peas, and garden peas. Peas are known for their sweet flavor and tender texture, and are a good source of vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber. They are high in vitamin C, vitamin K, and manganese, and also contain smaller amounts of iron, folate, and other micronutrients. Peas are often grown in the spring or fall, and can be planted directly in the garden or in containers. They prefer cool temperatures and well-drained soil, and benefit from regular watering and fertilization.
How to Grow Peas Organically
- Choose a sunny spot: Peas love to grow in full sun, so choose a spot in your garden that gets at least 6 hours of direct sunlight each day.
- Prepare the soil: Peas prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. Work in plenty of compost or well-rotted manure before planting to improve soil fertility and structure.
- Plant the seeds: Plant pea seeds directly in the garden as soon as the soil can be worked in the spring. Sow the seeds 1-2 inches deep and 2-3 inches apart, in rows spaced 18-24 inches apart.
- Provide support: Peas need support to climb as they grow, so provide them with a trellis, fence, or other support system. This will keep the plants off the ground and make it easier for you to harvest the peas.
- Water regularly: Peas need consistent moisture to thrive, so water them regularly and deeply, especially during dry spells.
- Control pests and diseases: Peas can be vulnerable to pests like aphids and diseases like powdery mildew. To control these problems organically, use insecticidal soap or neem oil for pests and sulfur or copper fungicides for diseases.
- Harvest the peas: Peas are ready to harvest when the pods are plump and full. Pick them regularly to encourage continued production.