Poppy Growing Guide

All you need to know to grow successfully!

Plant Family:
Papaveraceae
Plant Type:
Annual

Square Foot Spacing:

16
Typical Season:
Cool
Typical Zones Grown In:
3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9
Growing Difficulty:
Moderate

Poppy is a flowering plant that is grown for its showy blooms, as well as for its edible seeds. There are many different species of poppies, but some of the most commonly grown types include the California poppy, the opium poppy, and the Icelandic poppy. The flowers of the poppy are typically cup-shaped, with four to six petals and a distinctive central disk filled with stamens. Poppy seeds are small, kidney-shaped seeds that can be used in cooking and baking, particularly in pastries and breads.

How to Grow Poppy Organically

  1. Choose a planting site: Poppies prefer well-drained soil and full sun. Choose a spot in your garden that gets at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.
  2. Prepare the soil: Poppies prefer soil that is slightly acidic and rich in organic matter. Amend the soil with compost or other organic matter to improve drainage and fertility.
  3. Plant the poppies: Poppy seeds can be sown directly into the garden in early spring, or in the fall for bloom the following year. Scatter the seeds on the soil surface and lightly cover them with soil or vermiculite. Water the soil lightly.
  4. Water the plants: Keep the soil evenly moist, but not waterlogged. Water lightly and frequently until the seedlings are established.
  5. Thin the plants: When the poppy seedlings are 1-2 inches tall, thin them to a spacing of 6-12 inches apart. This will give the plants room to grow and reduce competition for resources.
  6. Fertilize the plants: Poppies don’t require a lot of fertilizer, but a light application of balanced fertilizer, such as a 10-10-10, can help promote healthy growth.
  7. Mulch the plants: Apply a layer of organic mulch, such as straw or shredded leaves, around the base of the plants. This will help retain moisture and suppress weeds.
  8. Harvest the flowers: Once the poppies bloom, you can cut the flowers for use in arrangements or crafts. Be sure to leave some flowers on the plants to go to seed for next year’s crop.

By following these basic steps, you can grow your own poppies and enjoy their beautiful blooms in your garden or home. Keep in mind that some types of poppies, such as opium poppies, are illegal to grow in many areas, so be sure to check local regulations before planting.

Planting Guidelines

The following are general guides to follow. However, nothing is set in stone. Feel free to experiment!

How to Start:
Indoor
When to Direct Sow:
March, April, May, June, July, August, September, October
When to Start Indoors:
March , April , May
Sprouting Time:
2-3 Weeks

Ideal Temperature (C):

4-24°C
Depth:
3-6 mm
Spacing (cm):
20 cm
Row Spacing (cm):
12-18 inches
Sun Exposure:
Part Shade
Maturity Time:
1-2 Months
When To Harvest:
April, May, June, July, August, September
How to Harvest:
Cut Flower Heads

Health Benefits

Growing your own food is one of the best things you can do for your health. Let’s check out some of the health benefits!

Is It Edible?
No
Edible Parts:
Flowers
Potential Health Benefits:
Colorful Foliage, Flowers

Tips to Growing Organically

Growing without the use of pesticides and herbicides is easier than you may think and it’s better for the environment!

Companion Plants:
What Plants to Avoid:
Common Pests:
Aphids, Slugs, Caterpillars
Common Disease:
Powdery Mildew, Downy Mildew, Root Rot
Bonus Grow Tips:
Plant in cooler weather, harvest flowers when they are fully open

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